Southeast Asia’s vast social, economic and political diversity has contributed to the region’s major disparities in healthcare systems and inequities in health outcomes. Countries in the region face a maldistribution of health workers, often caused by high migration of skilled health workers from countries such as Indonesia and Philippines, which contributes to understaffing especially in rural areas. While the region has achieved substantial reductions in child and maternal mortality over the past decades, these achievements are unevenly distributed among and within the countries of the region. Child and maternal mortality rates remain high in Indonesia and Philippines especially in rural areas. In Vietnam, quality health services during pregnancy and childbirth are a significant challenge among its ethnic minority population, most of whom live in mountainous or remote areas with limited socioeconomic development and low access to transportation. Most countries in the region also face significant mental health challenges.
To enhance access to basic healthcare services in the Philippines, Indonesia and Vietnam and improve health outcomes, CHWI aims to:
- Increase the number of nurses, midwives and community health workers
- Reduce coverage gaps and disparities among regions
- Enhance the capacity and skills of nurses, midwives and community health workers, as well as develop quality norms and standards of care for community health workers and midwives
- Strengthen the capacity of primary and community health providers to improve access
Partners in Southeast Asia include: